topological closeness....

In the Asia Pacific Rim region, nearly all the bandwidth goes from AP
region countries to the US directly. This is true due to the
tariffing situation, although it is now beginning to change (some
intra-Asia networks have already been established).

I think many of us have been *very* vocal supporters of encouraging
creationm of multiple AP NAPs to avoid this form of dementia. :slight_smile:

When traffic transits back to the US West Coast to reach another AP
location, this clearly contributes to the overall problem.

Putting mirrors in countries usually makes sense (particularly when a
country has an Internet exchange or two), but putting them on a
continental basis generally doesn't.

Agreed. Creating exchange points would also help immensely.

- paul