Peering Policies and Route Servers

Hi, all:
Let me add my humble opnions on engineering issues reagarding peering:

(1) There is a snowball effect for interconnects. If an organization
    could simply connect to an interconnect and gain global
    connectivity without paying for transit, why not? Can you
    imagine an interconnect with 500 organizations?

    Unrestricted peering policy would accelerate rolling of the
    snowball, and lead to the collapse of an interconnect. In order
    for Internet to survive, this snowball effect got to stop.

(2) There is no connectivity gain for a national provider to peer
    with a single-attached organizaiton as all these organizations have
    transit providers that are present at multiple interconnects.

(3) There is a huge investment involved to build a national backbone.
    Many providers currently do "hot-potato" routing (closed-exit)
    because of this cost. Peering with a single-attached organization
    would require much more backbone investment as traffic to this
    organization needs to be carried across the backbone, while the
    cost for this single-attached organization would be small (one
    DS3 to an interconnect).

Regarding the RS (I have many friends there, and they have done many
good work), let me echo the fundamental issues that Steve Heimlich
has pointed out, would you rather have your peering policy enforced by
yourself or by a third party? Would you rather develop a dependency
on a third party (which may not be there a few years down the road)
to deliver the critical service or depend on yourself?

-- Enke (speaking only for myself)

I do not intend to dispute your general argument, though I reserve the right
to do so elsewhere/time <grin>. But there is one seemingly fallacious point
folk seem to be repeatedly making.

If an organization could simply connect to an interconnect and gain global
connectivity without paying for transit, why not?

As there are multiple peering points today, and not all providers are
attached to all points, even if one peers with everybody at one point, one
will not have global connectivity.

If one were to permit free peerage to anyone appearing at only one single
peering point, the lack of global connectivity available at a single peering
point would become even more extreme.

E.g. Mary's Homegrown ISP connected to MAE-Miami and not having a transit
provider would not have connectivity to Joe's Down Home Linux Lair which
does not buy transit yet peers with everyone at the Truckee NAP.

randy