MCI [ATM overhead]

Jim Forster <> writes:
     He's talking about the overhead due to carrying variable length IP packets
     in fixed length ATM cells. Consequently the last cell of an AAL5 frame
     will contain 0 - 39(?) bytes of padding, which is wasted bandwidth.
     Assuming random length distributions (which they're not), the average waste
     is about 20 bytes per packet.
     My rough estimate, based on an average packet size of 200 bytes (used to be
     correct, not sure anymore), is that the waste due to cell padding is about
     10%. Due to the highly skewed packet size distribution the actual overhead
     might vary substantially. Note that this 10% is on top of the ~10%
     overhead due to the 5 byte ATM cell headers (5/53 ~= 10%), and various
     other overheads (some of which are also present in frame over Sonet
     There's beginning to be some expectation that there will be a transmission
     capacity crunch in the carrier's Sonet nets, and this ~25% ATM cell tax may
     be looked at carefully as packet over Sonet solutions emerge.
Great. Let's estimate the ATM bandwidth available on an OC-3. With
STS-3c SONET at 155.520 Mbps it gets reduced to 149.760 Mbps due to
section, line and path SONET overhead.

Next we reduce 10% due to 20 bytes lost on average 200 byte long
packets due to incomplete ATM cell fills resulting in 134.784 Mbps.

Then we need to subtract 9.43% due to ATM headers of 5 bytes in 53 byte

Thus we end up with a 122.069 Mbps true information rate which is about
78.5% of the nominal OC-3 capacity.

And we still have not raised the issues of wasted reserved bandwidth
and routing ease which were recently addressed very eloquently by
Vadim Antonov when comparing connection based with packet based


Wolfgang Henke .
WH Networks ... /pub/wolfgang
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