Developing a broader view...

Many NANOG members have been around longer than most.
If any NANOG members can help fill in the blanks on this
time-table, it might help your members develop a broader view.



March 1992
  Original NSF Solicitation
May 1992
  Original NSI Proposal
October 1992
  Modified NSI Proposal
    "Network Solutions believes NSF's objectives will be met
    most effectively by the award of the bulk of the services to
    a single contractor."
    "Network Solutions proposes Mr. Jon Postel as the
    IANA Manager and Chairman of the Advisory Panel for
    the NREN NIS Manager project. He will provide services
    as an employee of USC's Information Sciences Institute (ISI),
    subcontractor to Network Solutions."
  AT&T Proposal
January 1, 1993
  Cooperative Agreements
    General Atomics (GA)
    Network Solutions, Inc.
      Estimated Total Amount:
      Effective Date:
        January 1, 1993
      Expiration Date:
        September 30, 1998

<1993...period of "cooperation"..1994>
  General Atomics was supposed to be the NIC of NICs
  and to help coordinate the activities of all three contractors.
  More NICs were supposed to be formed.

December 1994
  Midterm Evaluation
  "The InterNIC awards set the precedent of requiring significant
  self-coordination among a team of awardees, and requiring outreach
  to other Network Information Centers. The panel suggests that the
  NSF critically consider whether it is viable to expect significant
  self-coordination among a team of awardees in future awards.
  The panel also notes that the NSF's program management was
  not able to correct GA's problems early on despite excellent efforts
  by the NSF staff, primarily because the NSF staff were overextended
  by monitoring at least two major projects (the InterNIC and the
  NSFNET backbone) at once. The panel recommends that for future
  large scale efforts in the rapidly changing Internet environment, the
  NSF should form an ongoing advisory panel of outside experts or
  employ some external consultants to help manage such cooperative
  agreements, rather than waiting two years to call for a review."

December 1994
  General Atomics Dismissed

January 1995
  NSF gives NSI more money...
  Amendment 1
    This amendment increases the funds available under
    Cooperative Agreement No. NCR-9218742 by $1,258,457.

  NSI changes key personnel...
  Amendment 2

February-March 1995 (???estimated date???)
  SAIC purchases NSI
  Circumstances, terms, previous owners…??? not known ???

May 1995
  NSF gives NSI more money...AND reviews plan to start charging
  Amendment 3
    "The National Science Foundation (NSF) hereby awards
    $1,948,632 to Network Solutions, Inc. for additional support..."

September 13, 1995
  NSF approves NSI's plan to charge for domain name registrations

October 1995
  Many people and companies debate the issues surrounding the
  commercialization of domain name registrations. The NSF and
  the IANA prevent commercial registries from having new Top
  Level Domains.
November 1995
December 1995
January 1996
February 1996
  Debates and delays
March 1996
  Debates and delays
April 1996
  Debates and promises of plans
May 1996
  Debates and more promises of plans
June 1996
    Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    "RESOLVED, that the Board of Trustees of the Internet Society
    endorse in principle the proposal "New Registries and the Delegation
    of International Top Level Domains", dated June 1996 by Jon Postel,
    and approve the role assigned to the Internet Society in this proposal.
    The Board authorises Postel, in his IANA role, to refine the proposal
    to include a business plan for review and approval by the Board."
July 1996
  Debates and refinement of plans
August 1996
  Debates, meetings and claims of an October 1st start
September 1996
  Operational registries start to appear
October 1996
  The balance of the Intellectual Infrastructure Fund is disclosed...
  "..through October 31, 1996, $8,542,200.00 has been deposited into the account."

  The Federal Networking Council Advisory Committee advises the NSF
    "The FNCAC reiterates and underscores the urgency of
    transferring responsibility for supporting U.S. commercial interests
    in ITLD administration from the NSF to an appropriate entity."

November 1996
  "...through November 30, 1996, $9,911,000.00 has been deposited into the account."
  Commercial TRUE Root Name Servers start to appear...
  the NSF does not allow commercial registries to have TLD entries
  in the Root Name Servers they control...
  The NSF awards USC/ISI $1.5 million

December 1996
  "...through December 31, 1996: $12,685,450.00 has been desposited into the account."
  The ISOC's IAHC gets started to provide recommendations to IANA

  NSI ends 1996 registering about 80,000 names per month
  which is an approximate gross revenue of $8,000,000 per month
  at $100 per registration. That covers the first 2 years. On an
  annual basis, this amounts to approximately $48,000,000 per year.

January 1997
  IAHC debates continue...
  Plans are announced by NSI to launch ARIN to charge for IP addresses
  NSF gives NSI more money...
  NSI and the IANA announce plans to deploy TRUE Root Name Servers

February 1997
  IAHC recommendations to the IANA finalized

  Commercial registries which are now fully operational are
  still restricted from having their names entered into the widely
  used Root Name Servers controlled by the National Science
  Foundation. Companies are now actively deploying commercial
  Root Name Servers to replace the NSF supported servers.


September 1988
  Cooperative Agreement Ends...


my recollection from those days is blurred from lack of sleep (then
and now), but I do remember that we (SURAnet/FIX East) put in a T1 link for
added capacity to NSI because connectivity to the NIC when it first moved
there was...ummm....less than satisfactory. Probably an AGS connected
to an IGS or some such, maybe between the Proteons that we had lying
around (it might have even been connected to the NSI backbone
proteon at the FIX-East end). We just paid for the link for quite a while
because it was the only way we could get connectivity. I think it was Scott
Williamson (or something like that) who pretty much got munched on in
a big way at the first couple of IETFs and Regional-Techs (pre-NANOG)
meetings after NSI got the contract. Jennifer (now at UUnet) and Jeff
Burgan (from NASA then, now at Bay Networks) were the ones who actually
really helped to get this working (circuit and routing).

(back in the old days, when I was just a boy things were *really* broken,
we had to sort the packets by HAND...and before in the 80's that we didn't
even *have* a DNS (maybe it would be easier if we went back)).

I also don't worry too much about who is collecting a million here or
there from the government after working with the various defense
contractors and discovering true bureaucratic waste, so maybe the
schedule listed out below is from a second round of funding or
something - but the reason I went through this whole monologue
is that I left SURAnet at the end of March, 1992, (trust, me,
I remember this date) and I *know* the link I described above was up
and running to the NIC at NSI at least months before I left.

So I don't know how the original solicitation could have been in
March of 1992. I didn't check any of the URLs, so sorry if I
am wasting everyone's time. Or maybe this is just some doublespeak
and it's all more of the government conspiracy. Fortunately cisco
is part of the conspiracy now so I can get away with sending messages
like this from the inside, at least until they find me.... :slight_smile:


p.s. I would put in a pithy quote from "1984" but I can only find
  "Animal Farm" and "Brave New World" and they aren't quite
  right to match this situation... well actually maybe
  "Brazil" would be better...Central Services anyone?

Many NANOG members have been around longer than most.

I don't even know how to respond to this… ???